The Romans came there and built a fort in the first century, then came the Normans. They rebuilt and enlarged the fort on the same site in eleventh century. During the civil war, the fortress was badly damaged. In 1865 the third Marquess of Bute undertook a major restoration. William Burges was appointed to the job and he turned the fort into a beautiful and elegant Victorian castle.
St. John's Church with a high tower is in the midst of the busy city centre. It was built in 1473.
Llandaff Cathedral was founded by St. Teilo in the sixth century for a religious community. The cathedral has experienced bitter hardships for centuries. In the civil war Cromwell's soldiers turned it into a beer-house and a post-office. Great storms repeatedly brought down the towers of the cathedral in the eighteenth century. The cathedral was also damaged by German bombers during the last war. After the war it was restored and a controversial Epstein's Christ in Majesty dominates the interior of the cathedral.
Though the white Portland stone museum itself is a marvelous art, it houses a remarkable collection of European fine arts. The museum also includes the gallery of Botany, Zoology, Geology and Archaeology.
Welsh Folk Museum at St. Fagans includes a collection of very old welsh cottages and buildings transported from their original sites in Wales.
Caerleon used to be a headquarters of the 2nd Augustan Legion of Rome. The Roman military stronghold was first built in AD.75. An amphitheatre, Roman fortress baths, barracks and other facilities of those days were unearthed and findings discovered there are exhibited in the Legionary Museum at Caerleon .
A splendid red-bricked seventeenth-century mansion in Newport is open to the public by the local authorities.
Carephilly castle, one of the largest castle in Europe, is located several miles to the north of Cardiff.
Glamorgan's Heritage Coast shows us exotic and untouched beauty of rugged shore.
Big Pit was closed in 1980 and became a museum of colliery. Visitors can join a guided underground tour.Blaenavon is now a World Heritage Site.
Tintern Abbey was built in 1131 as a Cistercian abbey. It is located on grassland in a bend of the beautiful Wye. The ruined abbey became a favorite subject of poems and pictures, particularly by Wordsworth and Turner, and now attracts many visitors through the year.
Bath is in the city of Avon County, England, with the population of about 80,000. The Romans came there in the 1st century, and built baths at the natural hot springs. The temperature of the water is about 49 degree Celsius through the year. In the eighteenth century Bath became the most famous spa with elegant and graceful buildings in England .