The On-line Handout for
By Charles Kelly and Lawrence Kelly
How to Create On-line Materials for Students
Aichi Institute of Technology (Toyota, Japan)
A Presentation at the TESOL Conference 2001
February 28-March 3, 2001
Friday, 2:00 pm to 3:45 pm, Meeting Room 275
The Kinds of Materials That Can Be Put On-line
Traditional MaterialsJust because the Web is new doesn't mean you should abandon things that have always worked well with students. Many of the same things you have always done with paper and recordings can also be done on the Web. Many of these materials can be easily created with the Netscape Composer (Freeware) and the RealAudio Producer (Freeware Version).
- Listening Practice
- Reading Practice
- Grammar Practice
- Writing Practice
- Pronunciation Practice
- Sample file: Word Stress
3 examples showing word stress.
- RealAudio or Flash files meant for "Listen & Repeat" practice.
- Java Quizzes
- You may submit your quiz data to the Internet TESL Journal and they will put the quiz online.
- Advantages: It's free. / The quizzes are interactive and game-like. / No advertising on the pages. / Quizzes are proofread again before being uploaded.
- Disadvantages: You need to wait until someone else proofreads and uploads the quiz. (However, if you send in the data with a note that you want to use it right away, it can be put online immediately without proofreading and you will be sent the URL where the quiz is.)
- Hot Potatoes (Shareware / Conditional Freeware)
- Advantages: It's fairly easy to use.
- Disadvantages: You have to give an email address to register. / The generated filesize is much larger than it needs to be. / Earlier versions of Hot Potatoes generated multiple-file quizzes with framesets. / Requires more mouse-clicking than other similar quiz applications.
- An Interesting Option: Potato Skins (By Brian Nelson) is a freeware Shockwave quiz program that can use the XML files generated by Hot Potatoes.
- Marmo Soemarmo's Quiz Templates
- Advantages: They're free. / The filesize for each quiz is small, thus the files are fast to download.
- Disadvantages: You need to be able to edit HTML code. / Question order is not randomized.
- This disadvantage can be overcome by using CK's On-line Quiz Generators
Just input the data, click the button and the page will be generated for you.
- HTML-only Quizzes - Backward compatible to Netscape 2.0
- Sample Quizzes: Self-Study Quizzes for ESL Students
- Advantages: Easy to use. Allows students to immediately see the correct answer without needing the "latest" browsers. Filesize is small, thus files are fast to download.
- Disadvantages: Question order is not randomized. The score is automatically kept by the computer, so they are less game-like.
- HTML & WAV Files - Backward compatible to Netscape 2.0
- Flash Quizzes
- RealAudio Quizzes
- Listening Comprehension Quizzes
- Sample quizzes: Randall's Listening Lab on the Web
- At this time, there are no easy-to-use applications to help you do this kind of quiz. However, if you are moderately computer-literate, you can probably figure out how to do this kind of thing.
- Listening Cloze Quizzes
- Listening / Hearing Minimal Pair Practice & Quizzes
- CGI Quizzes, PHP, ASP, etc.
- Here is one script: QuizText (By Kristina Pfaff-Harris)
- There are quite a few free Perl scripts on the Web that allow you to do quizzes graded by CGI.
- Advantages: Some of them can email the results to the teacher.
- Disadvantages: Sometimes a little difficult to install. Some servers won't let you use CGI. The time students wait for results is sometimes irritatingly long. Some require using cookies.
- Web forms for the student to fill out.
- Chat / Message Boards
- You can set up your own or use one of the "free" sites.
Finding Information on the Internet
- Finding Information from Various Sites
- Finding Information from One Specific Site
Word Games / Playing with Vocabulary
Tutorials - Explanation of Grammar, etc.
Class Related Materials
- All handout passed out in class can be put online for students who were not able to attend class and for students who have lost their handouts.
- Old tests can be put online for students to study. This gives all students a chance to see your old tests, not only students who have friends who have taken your class.
- Outlines and teaching notes from each class. These can be used by students who have missed a class and by all students for reviewing.
Doing Things on the Internet
- Pages with Guides and Explanations on how to ...
- ... send a virtual greeting card (Christmas, Valentine, ....)
- ... play games
- ... do other interesting things on the Web.
- A Simple Page of Links (with or without descriptions)
- Make a select list of places you think your students should visit.
- Sites that make interesting reading.
- Sites that provide interesting activities
How to (Effectively) Format Them and Advice on Common Pitfalls to Avoid
ESL Related Sites We Work On